First of all I would like to express my gratitude for all those people that
have contributed materials and information to this website. Without their help
and encouragement, this site wouldn't have grown to this size and value. And
as one can see, there are quit a lot of people that contributed. Thanks!
Furthermore I would like to thank all people that gave useful and/or supporting
comments over the years. This motivated me to carry on with this project.
Stijn Ghesquiere (author of this website).
Contributors / thanks:
- All researchers working on the apple snail subject (now and in the past).
Check out the 'literature section' for the
- Alfredo Castro-Vazques and colleagues from the National University of Cuyo,
Argentina for giving permission to publish corpuscle-pictures from their article:
I also want to thank Alfredo Castro-Vazques for his supportive comments and
- Amanda Sutherland, for the great photographs of Pomacea paludosa
snails that I received from her and which were made by Lina Tomlin.
- Ana and Marian Simpetru,
for the creating a Romenian translation
of the 'basic' guide. Thanks! More information about aquarium related topics
are available on this website: www.acvariu.ro.
- Andrea Korb for the nice picture of apple snail eggs
on a hand. Thanks!. Check out her website: http://www.faultlessperfection.com.
- Andrea Roithmeier for translating the basic version of the apple snail website
into German, our good contact,
the many nice e-mails and of course fo the useful tips.
Be sure to check out her wonderful website aka 'Andi in the web' (http://roian.cjb.net),
which includes a whole section about apple snails under the 'animals n' pets'
- Andreas Karge from http://www.wirbellose.de
for his excellent Pila virens,
var. Layardi photographs. Thanks!
- Brian Kabbes for providing me beautiful pictures of
apple snail biotops and sending me a set of Pomacea flagellata
flagellata apple snails from Balneario Teuchitlan, Mexico. Furthermore
I wish to thank him for the well documented information that accompanied the
snails. Great work!
- Bobby Jezeski for the great pictures of Pomacea haustrum
- Carsten K. Larsen, for the nice photographs of Lanistes nyassanus.
Check out his website for more info: http://malawicarsten.dk/malawi%20dyr/posthornssnegle.htm
- Chan Sow Yan for allowing me to use pictures of Pila ampullacea and Pila scutata.
Furthermore I would like to thank Chan for his great contribution of 18(!)
beautiful photographs of apple snails and their habitat in Singapore and Malaysia.
I definately recommend his excellent website about snails in Singapore: http://www.molluscan.com.
- Chris Lukhaup for his contribution of excellent photographs (example
here). The quality of these pictures is way above average. Besides snails,
Chris also keeps Crayfish (check out his website: www.crayfishworld.com).
- Cyanida aka Pia Björkne-Bengtsson, Sweden: for translating the 'basic'
apple snail guide into Swedish.
- CanynBugBarb for donating a picture of a white shelled, red banded Pomacea
diffusa photograph. See also in the 'Genetics'
- The Digital City of Amsterdam
for providing me a FREE homepage for years, without annoying banners.
- Nedstat for providing me with statistics about these pages (http://www.nedstat.nl).
- Derek C. Frost for translating the basic guide into
French. Thanks Derek!
- Donya Quick for her excellent drawing
of an apple snail.
- Edgar J. Gil I. for providing some great photographs from a Pomacea sp.,
he collected from a pond close to Puerto Ayacucho, the capital of the Amazonas
state in Venezuela.
- Esther Wullschleger for the excellent, high quality photographs of Lymnea
ovata and Lymnea auricularia.
- Fábio André Faraco from Brasil for providing me beautiful
electron microscope pictures of the radula
neritiformis and several pictures of the whole snail. Also for the great
Asolene (Asolene (Pomella) megastoma,
Asolene (Asolene) spixi
and Asolene (Asolene) sp.)
collection (live and dead specimens) he donated.
Furthermore I would like to thank him for the very useful information he provided
about the Asolene genus, his excellent
translation to Portuguese
and the article
about Felipponea iheringi.
I'm looking forward to our future cooperation! Without your help and assitance,
the information in Asolene and Felipponea sections would be
- Frank Steuerwald from Germany for sending a bunch of beautiful blue Pomacea
- Helen Racz Lorenz for contributing her experiences with Asolene pulchella
and Pomacea insularum. I also would like to thank her for the nice
photographs she donated. More info? Check out her homepage at: http://moluscos.net/comer/hrl.
- Israel Yang, for translating the 'basic
applesnail edition' into Chinese.
- Manual G. Quitana provided quit a lot of interesting data about Pomacea
scalaris, Pomacea cyclostoma
and various Asolene snails. He also Emphasized
once more the incorrectness of the name 'golden' apple snail for Pomacea
Furthermore he provided a set of beautiful photographs of apple snail depositing
eggs in the wild.
I'm looking forward to future cooperation with Manual G. Quintana. Thanks!
- Gabriela Diosiova for the Slovak
- Gerald Depaus for contributing beautiful Lanistes lybicus and Pila
africana photographs and also for the good contact we have through e-mail.
Visit his interesting, multi-language website (http://perso.infonie.be/pomacea)
about all kinds of freshwater snails. It contains good info, also on less
common snail species.
- Greg & Lisa Goucher for the photographs of their Pomacea canaliculata.
- Guide Poppe for allowing me to use Lanistes
ovum photographs from his Conchology site: http://www.conchology.uunethost.be.
- Harald Auer from Germany for sending me excellent pictures of his Pomacea
glauca and his Pomacea flagellata snails, for allowing me to use
these pictures on these pages, for his useful apple snail (Pomacea glauca
and Pomacea Flagellata) information and for providing me with a batch
of Pomacea flagellata snails and a striped Pomacea diffusa
Harald Auer is also contributing to the web, check out his site about lab
and also take a look at his apple snail section (http://www.netsurprise.de/home/guppy/pomacea/pomacea).
- Heather Lynch for the use of Planorbis
photographs of her interesting aquatic
- Lars Olaf Simonsen for making a Norwegian
(bokmål) translation of the basic
guide. Thanks for this valuable addition!
- Marcin Szymankiewicz for the translating the basic
version into Polish (his original
- Martin KCL for allowing me to use some Ampullariidae photographs from his
shell collection / snail site: http://members.aol.com/mkohl1/Ampullariidae.html.
- Bill Frank and Dr. Harry G. Lee from The Jacksonville Shell Club for allowing
me to use Pomacea paludosa
and Pila ampullacea photographs
from their website: http://www.jaxshells.org.
Thanks a lot!
- Joanne Williams for giving me permission to
use her stunnning nature photographs on this website. Visit her beautiful
where you can see a large collection of photographs and if desired, you can
order them on-line.
- Juan Carlos for his effort to make a Spanish
translation of the basic guide.
Check out his website Aquagarden
for more aquarium info about various subjects.
- María Cristina Damborenea and Gustavo Darrigran, Dept Científico
Zoología Invertebrados, Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Museo,
Universidad Nacional de La Plata (UNLP), for allowing me to use photographs
from their article on the apple snail invasion in South Asia, published in
- Mario Scarpa for making a translation of 'The basic guide for keeping apple
snails' into Italian!
- Michael Marcotrigiano (http://www.smith.edu/garden)
for the very helpful comments and suggestions on the "Colour
variations in Pomacea diffusa" page. Thanks!
I'm looking forward to further communications!
- Mary Adore Coloney for her donation of her wonderful photographs
of the Florida swamps and an excellent illustration
of a Limpkin with a apple snail in its bill.
furthermore I would like to thank her for the very informative texts she wrote
to accompany her photographs.
- Ms. Michiko Masuda, from 'Centro de cooperation international de Japon',
Japan, for improving the Spanish
version of the 'Basic guide to keep apple snails'. Thanks!
- °Ô¸®~ =^_^= for making a translation to Korean! Check
- Mr. M.S. dela Cruz and Dr. R.C. Joshi from the Philippines for their contribution
in the Apple snail recipes section:
Golden Apple Snail (Golden Kuhol) "Chicharon" Crackers. This recipe is accompanied
by beautiful photographs to clearify the whole process.
I also would like to thank them (and Arsenia G. Cagauan) for the extensive
on the golden apple snail) they allowed me to publish on this website.
This valuable list of literature is highly recommended to researchers in the
field of apple snails and pest management. Thanks for these very interesting
and valuable additions!
Also check out our cooperation in Apple
snail pest alert.
- Michal Manas for the Czech
translation. Visit his website: www.mollusca.wz.cz
for more snail info in Czech.
- Mylinh Nakry for giving permission to use the recipes from her wonderful
- Neda Ariania for the Persian translation,
her proofreading, the many corrections to various pages and our cooperation
that resulted in an apple snail book in Persian.
- Newleafgraphics.com for their great Pomacea
paludosa photographs. Check out their site for a wonderful collection
of beauiful nature photographs: http://www.newleafgraphics.com.
- Pam spencer for the wonderful photographs of their apple snails. Check out
"The Spencers website": http://members.shaw.ca/Critters
and the very useful information based on good snail observation. Thanks!
- Peter & Vicki Clarkson from Melbourne, Australia for contributing a
whole serie of beautiful photograps if their Pomacea diffusa
(bridgesii) snails. If I'll ever start a snail photograph contest,
they will be serious contenders!
Check out their website: http://www.hyp.com.au/users/pete
- Phil Darby, a postdoctoral associate in the University of Florida's department
of wildlife ecology and conservation for allowing me to use a potographs of
an apple snail with a radio transmitter attached to the shell. Thanks and
good luck with your research!
- The phpBB group for the
wonderful message board system. This is a real open source (GPL) masterpiece!
- Rdia Q De Lussanet for the wonderful MRI images of apple snails.
- Renate Husmann for sending me Marisa cornuarietis snails and
pictures and for the useful comments on the Marisa section of this site.
Renate Husmann has an excellent homepage dedicated to Marisa snails, which
is definitely worth to take a look at: http://www.rhusmann.de/aqua/marisa.htm.
- Robert Kreisler for his beautiful photographs of a Physa
- Sandra Shumilla for providing me with 10 apple snails that probably are
Pomacea maculata apple
snail. This means they can grow to 15 cm / 6 inch height! Thanks!
- Shawnie from Adventure Angling for donated photographs. Check out their
Schepsel Schelp for giving me the permission to use a photographs of a
fossil Pomacea paludosa shell from the Pleistocene. Thanks!
- Teri Tibbetts for the great photographs of the apple snails eggs
on the vegetation in his pond.
- Timofey Slavkin, who did a great job with his Russian
translation of the basic version of this website. Thanks a lot Timofey!
- Tomasz Grabarczyk for improving the Polish
translation made by Marcin Szymankiewicz.
- Uli Aritonang for her interesting apple snail photographs and shell collection
from Bogor - Sukabumi, West Java and also for the information she provided
along these photographs.
I also would like to thank her for the interesting page about the "Keong
Emas", Golden Snail, Imax Theather in Jakarta, Indonesia.
And last, but not least I would like to thank her for the lovely children's
book about the "The Golden Snail Princess" and the translation she
made of this story.
- Veronika Nagy for translating the basic guide into Hungarian
(Magyar). Check out her website about Animal Defence Society of Toronto
- Wendy Shattil from Shattil/Rozinski Photography to give me permission to
use the beautiful photograph of the Snail
kite (Rostrhamus sociabilis).
For more photographs or information visit their website: http://www.2bears.net.
- Yoichi Yusa for his great contribution about the fire ant (Solenopsis
geminata) predating on apple snail eggs, the Norway rat predating
on apple snails, pest management related articles (life cycle, drainage etc).
- All those people that send me such nice and encouraging messages, which
stimulates me to keep this site up-to-date.